Minimally Invasive Surgery
Minimally invasive surgery is also called laparoscopy when performed in the abdomen and arthroscopy when performed in the joints. This was not possible until the modern technologies of television, computer miniaturization, fiber optics and lasers were developed. But today, minimally invasive procedures are routinely used in place of traditional surgery and they have become the standard of care for many common illnesses and injuries.
Most minimally invasive surgical procedures are performed using a tiny telescope with a television camera at the end. Magnified video images from the camera allow the surgeon to view organs, bones and other internal structures without having to make large incisions. Miniature surgical instruments are also inserted through the additional small incisions to accomplish the medically necessary tasks for the type of operation involved.