The World Record Academy recently awarded Dr. Greg J. Marchand and his surgical team a world record for removing a 17-centimeter cancerous ovarian tumor using only small incisions in the abdomen, a technique called a laparoscopy. While removing cysts and tumors using laparoscopic surgery is a standard practice, Dr. Marchand said it is rare to use the technique in conjunction with an ovarian cancer staging procedure.
The surgeons completed the procedure using “in-bag” morcellation, a technique developed by Dr. Marchand in which the tumor is bagged and broken down inside the bag so the pieces can be safely removed through tiny holes. Otherwise, patients would need a sizeable incision to surgically remove such a large mass, requiring additional recovery time and a great deal more postoperative pain.
Marchand, a board-certified OB-GYN specializing in “minimally invasive surgery,” worked closely with a gynecologic oncologist in completing this amazing surgery.
Marchand said the most difficult part of the surgery was removing the cancerous mass without spilling any cancer cells into the abdomen. If cancerous material spilled back into the abdomen the cancer could have spread and worsened the patient’s prognosis. The World Record Academy helped verify that this type technique had never been accomplished previously on any malignant tumor this large.
Dr. Marchand was diagnosed in 2010 with mixed-cell carcinoma, (an aggressive cancer of the testes,) said it is particularly gratifying that his technique can help cancer patients. He received surgery and treatments in 2010 has been in remission since.
“I know what it’s like to face a diagnosis of cancer,” he said. “In my opinion, advancements in the surgical treatment of cancer are just as important as the newest cancer-fighting drugs and chemotherapy agents.”
“If we can use minimally invasive surgery to take some of the recovery time and complications out of cancer surgery, then I think we’ve really done a lot of good for patients fighting cancer.”
This is Dr. Marchand’s second world record in laparoscopic surgery. In 2008 Dr. Marchand was awarded a Guinness World Record for the removal of the largest uterus laparoscopically. In this case, it was not a cancerous mass, but a seven-pound benign (non-cancerous) uterus that was removed.
In addition to the two world records, Dr. Marchand is extensively published in laparoscopic surgery and was recently the first U.S. surgeon to receive SOEMIS recognition, (Surgeon of Excellence in Minimally Invasive Surgery) from the Surgical Review Corporation (surgicalreview.org). (Formerly sponsored by AAGL. (The American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopist’s) AAGL.org). Dr. Marchand is internationally regarded as an expert in developing and performing advanced surgical techniques, particularly in minimally invasive surgery. For further information regarding Dr. Marchand and his publications and research please visit www.gregmarchandmd.com
Date of Surgery: 04/21/2015
Date of Award of World Record Academy World Record: 1/27/2017
Actual Title of Record: “Successful Laparoscopic Ovarian Cancer staging Surgery on the Largest Malignant Ovarian Tumor”
Description of Technical Procedure Performed: Successful Complete Laparoscopic Ovarian Cancer Staging Procedure with Hysterectomy, Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy and dissection of pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection, and removal of 17cm large right-sided ovarian tumor. The tumor was found to be adenocarcinoma on frozen section and “Well-differentiated Adenocarcinoma with pushing invasion” on final pathology. The technique of mass removal was a modified “in-bag” morcellation invented by Dr. Marchand which included exteriorization of the mouth of the bag prior to “in-bag” morcellation. Morcellation used only blunt instruments and did not involve stretching the incision beyond the 14mm required to facilitate the laparoscopic retrieval bag. No trochar was used. Abdominal and Pelvic washings were collected prior to the removal of the mass and ultimately proved negative.
Method of Verification of Tumor Size: Pathology specimen reconstructed, verification by board certified pathologist.
Lead Surgeon: Greg J. Marchand M.D., F.A.C.O.G., F.A.C.S., F.I.C.S, S.O.E.M.I.S.
Greg J. Marchand M.D., F.A.C.O.G., F.A.C.S., F.I.C.S, S.O.E.M.I.S.
Practice: Marchand OBGYN PLLC
1520 S. Dobson #308
Mesa, AZ 85202
Why did it take so long for the World Record to be awarded?
To verify this record, we had to research all the other related surgeries that had been published to determine if ours was truly the largest malignant tumor ever surgically staged through completely laparoscopic means. After our research determined it was, we employed the World Record Academy who underwent their own verification process. Following the completion of these two independent verifications, we can now confidently say that this is likely the largest malignant ovarian tumor to ever undergo completely laparoscopic surgical staging.
What is “In-Bag” morcellation, how is it different from just breaking something apart, or regular morcellation?
In-Bag morcellation refers to the surgical technique of placing an object inside a bag, usually plastic, before breaking it into pieces. Usually the object is broken into small pieces so that it can be removed through small holes, thus not needing to make a large incision to remove the object. This high level of caution is reserved for objects that could contain cancerous cells. In the case of suspicion of cancerous cells, it is important not to spill the material back into the patient’s body cavities because cancer cells can “Seed” or begin new cancer colonies if they are moved around the body. In this case, we removed a 17-centimeter cancerous tumor through a hole that was approximately 1.4cm large. This technique is one of the more extreme examples of “In-Bag” morcellation.
What did Dr. Marchand invent? Did he invent laparoscopy or the Ovarian Cancer Staging Procedure?
Dr. Marchand has pioneered techniques for “In-Bag” morcellation, and particularly the technique used in this case to remove the large 17cm tumor. The technique used here involved stretching a 1.10cm incision in the umbilicus to facilitate a bag that was made to fit a 1.5cm port. Thus, the actual size of the hole after stretching around the bag was approximately 1.4cm. This invented technique also included the painstaking process of removing the mass through the port without breaking the bag. This included the use of special blunt instrumentation to remove the tumor without breaking the bag (and spilling the tumor.) Dr. Marchand did not invent laparoscopy or the Ovarian Cancer Staging procedure, but he did invent the technique of removing the large cancerous tumor, which was then added to a Laparoscopic Ovarian Cancer staging procedure.
Is Dr. Marchand a gynecologic oncologist?
No. Dr. Marchand is a generalist OBGYN with special training in minimally invasive surgery. A board certified gynecologic oncologist was present for this surgery as part of the surgical team. Dr. Marchand routinely includes consultation with the gynecologic oncology service as part of his care of any patients suspected to have a malignancy. Dr. Marchand would never attempt to perform an ovarian cancer staging surgery without the assistance of a gynecologic oncologist, and is very appreciative for the patient care that has been given his colleagues. Dr. Marchand has referred many patients and continues to refer to his esteemed colleagues practicing gynecologic oncology.
What do the letters after Dr. Marchand’s name mean?
The letters represent honors bestowed upon Dr. Marchand by different certifying organizations. They include:
MD — Medical Doctor
FACOG — Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology — Certified by The American College/Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology (acog.org)
FACS — Fellow of the American College of Surgeons — Certified by the American College of Surgeons (facs.org)
FICS — Fellow if the International College of Surgeons — Certified by The International College of Surgeons (fics.org)
SOEMIS — Surgeon of Excellence in Minimally Invasive Surgery — Certified by the Surgical Review Corporation (surgicalreview.org) (Formerly sponsored by AAGL)
Why is this record recognized by the World Record Academy and not Guinness?
Dr. Marchand has previously received a World Record from Guinness for other surgical accomplishments. Unfortunately, Guinness politely declined to recognize this achievement and said it was too specific to create a record for. We discussed the importance of recognizing cutting-edge surgical excellence in the field of cancer surgery with The World Record Academy, and they agreed to recognize the category after extensively researching the accomplishment.
What is a “Cancer Staging Surgery?”
A cancer staging surgery is a removal of the pelvic organs to treat and determine how far a cancer has spread. In this case the cancer is an ovarian cancer we are discussing. The surgery includes removal of both ovaries, the uterus, the omentum (a fatty organ in the abdomen) as well as the removal of lymph nodes and other biopsies. It is a complex surgery that is usually performed through a large incision. Although the surgery has been performed by laparoscopic techniques in the past, we believe this is the largest tumor to ever be staged using a completely laparoscopic technique.
What is so special about this record? Hasn’t cancer staging surgery been performed on larger ovarian tumors?
Yes, staging procedures have been completed on larger tumors, but we believe that this is the largest tumor to ever be staged through entirely laparoscopic techniques, meaning without cutting the patient open. The unique part of this procedure was the removal of the extremely large mass without spilling any of the contents in the abdomen. This was performed with special instruments using a large bag. The technique involved exteriorizing the mouth of the bag and then removing the large mass bit by bit, using a technique pioneered by Dr. Marchand. There is no question that larger tumors have been staged by open-incision procedures, and that larger non-malignant tumors have been removed laparoscopically without the need for a cancer staging procedure.
How can you be sure that this is the largest tumor to ever receive laparoscopic cancer staging? What steps did you take to verify?
It is very difficult to research every single cancer staging procedure ever performed. However, we performed extensive searches of all available literature and publications regarding laparoscopic ovarian cancer staging surgery prior to presenting our claim to The World Record Academy. The World Record Academy then went on to verify the claim independently.
How would the average ovarian cancer patient benefit if all staging procedures could be performed though minimally invasive means?
If all ovarian cancer staging procedures could be performed using laparoscopic means, patients could enjoy much faster recovery from surgery, with a much quicker return to a high quality of life. This would mean that patients could begin any necessary chemotherapy or radiation treatments sooner, and be healthier when they undergo these treatments. The overall goal would be a lower mortality and higher quality of life for patients facing a malignant diagnosis.
What gave you the idea to invent this technique?
“Well, I have done hundreds and hundreds of laparoscopic cases where I removed benign ovarian tumors, and as a responsible surgeon I had to come up with a technique to remove these large masses while keeping all of morcellated pieces contained. This was especially after all of the negative attention that morcellation has received following the 2014 FDA “Black Box Warning”. As a minimally invasive surgeon, I knew that simply cutting the patient open was not the best I could do for my patients. After studying some other in-bag morcellation techniques, I developed this technique which has the versatility to be used on even extremely large masses.”
What gave you the idea to qualify for a world record?
“The idea first came to me after talking to some of my friends and colleagues about the huge tumor that we performed the laparoscopic cancer staging on. Upon hearing about the 17cm tumor we removed with in-bag morcellation, I was really humbled to hear many of them say that they had never heard of a minimally invasive cancer staging surgery on that large of a mass. One of my colleagues actually said, “That has to be some kind of record.” It kind of stuck in my head, so after I talked about it with my office staff, some very smart and motivated people at my office actually DID check to see if it was a world record, and published it. I’m very grateful to my amazing clinical staff, and I really do hope this helps bring attention to promoting minimally invasive surgery.”
What does this technique mean for Ovarian Cancer patients with large tumors?
“Well, the In-Bag morcellation technique itself is great for large tumors whether they are malignant or benign, and allows you to remove extremely large tumors through a small hole, actually smaller than a dime. The other option, which is cutting the patient open, has more postoperative pain, more complications and blood loss, and a lot longer recovery. So all patients who receive minimally invasive surgery will benefit. When you combine this technique with a laparoscopic cancer staging procedure, well thats when you see a real amazing improvement. You take a large, invasive procedure that has always be performed through a large painful incision, and you change it into a “keyhole” surgery that a patient could even have on an outpatient basis. That’s a big difference. Interestingly, just recently the National Cancer Institute of Milan in Italy just released their study on the differences between laparoscopic ovarian cancer staging and the traditional open procedure. After reviewing more than 3000 cases, they found that the laparoscopic procedures were just as good in treating the cancer, and had less blood loss, fewer complications, and a quicker recovery. Most importantly, they showed that patients who also needed chemotherapy for their cancer were able to begin their chemotherapy significantly sooner after laparoscopic staging than those who had traditional open procedures. This means less time for the cancer to spread, and a quicker return for that patient back to what they really want, their normal lives back.”
What does this mean to you as a cancer survivor?
“I underwent surgery and treatments after I was diagnosed with Mixed Cell Testicular Cancer in 2010. I am very lucky that the surgery for my stage of Testicular cancer was a very minimally invasive procedure, and that I had a good surgeon. I remember the horrible fear of “just not knowing what was going to happen,” and I think that fear is really worse than any of the pain of the cancer or the treatments. When I woke up from the surgery, I really felt great, and over the next few days I had a very quick recovery. I was able to get back into my life quickly, and although I was still afraid of what was to come, I felt like I had the strength to fight. When I think about my patients with Ovarian cancer, I would like them to be able to come out of surgery feeling like they have the strength to fight, to take on the cancer. I can imagine that when you are recovering from a one of these big, open traditional staging procedures, you’re in excruciating pain, you really can’t move, and you like you’ve just been hit by a bus. I’m sure you don’t feel strong and ready to fight the cancer at that point. You might just feel like giving up. If my technique can help even a few patients avoid that feeling, then thats the most valuable thing in the world to me. That’s why I’m really passionate about what this new cutting edge technique can do for cancer patients, and I feel it can be just as valuable in the fight against cancer as the latest “big pharma” wonder drug.
How can I find out more details?
Please contact the Marchand OBGYN PR department at the below address. Patient privacy limits details that can be disclosed but all information is available for fact-checking purposes.
Kirsty Brooks – Marchand OBGYN Public Relations Manager
Marchand OBGYN PLLC
1520 S. Dobson #308
Mesa, AZ 85202
(480)999-0905 – EXT 701 PR Department and Media Relations (unannounced extension)